Why is my period so heavy?

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Why is my period so heavy?
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Many women often have days of high flow and cramps when they have their period. But it is not common to have the medical condition known as menorrhagia, which means “intense periods.”

If you have this problem, your flow will be so heavy that you will need to change your tampon or pad every hour for at least a whole day, and you will also have cramps so severe that they will not allow you to do your job. habitual activities.

Intense periods are sometimes caused by subtle health problems, and can lead to other health problems. If you soak a pad or tampon about every hour, talk to your doctor. She may be able to help.

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The symptoms

Some women have heavy periods all the time, from their first menstrual flow. Others may begin to have heavy periods after having normal periods for years or decades.

It is always advisable to talk about your abundant periods with your doctor, especially if the problem is new to you. It may cause anemia (low levels of red blood cells), which can make you feel weak, tired or out of breath.

Women who have menorrhagia may have to:

• Change pads or tampons at least once per hour for a whole day or more

• Change the pads in the middle of the night.

• Use two pads at a time to control heavy flow

They can also:

• Jump things that you like to do, due to painful cramps.

• Pass blood clots that are the size of rooms

• Have periods that last more than 7 days.

• Feeling tired or out of breath

• Bleeding between periods

• Bleeding after menopause.

Causes

There are many reasons why some women have long periods. These are some common causes:

Hormonal problems Each month, a lining builds up inside your uterus (womb), which shed during your period. If your hormone levels are not balanced, your body can make the coating too thick, leading to heavy bleeding when it comes off the thicker lining. If you do not ovulate (release an ovum from an ovary), this can also reduce the hormonal balance in the body, leading to a thicker lining and a heavier period.

Growths in the uterus (womb). Polyps are growths within the lining of the uterus. Fibroids are benign (non-cancerous) tumors that grow inside the uterus. Both can make their periods much heavier or last longer than they should.

Certain IUDs Many women use a small intrauterine device (IUD) for birth control. If your IUD does not contain hormones, it can make your periods heavier.

Problems related to pregnancy. In rare cases, after the sperm and the egg are found, the ball of growing cells is implanted outside the uterus instead of inside. This is called an ectopic pregnancy. It can never be a viable pregnancy, and it can cause serious health problems, such as heavy bleeding, which can be confused with a heavy period. A miscarriage, which is when an unborn baby dies in the womb, can also be the cause of heavy bleeding.

Some female cancers. It is rare, but cancer of the uterus, cervix, or ovary can cause excessive bleeding in some women, which may seem like an intense period.

Bleeding disorders They are not common, but coagulation disorders, which are common in families, make it difficult for a person to stop bleeding when they have been cut. They can also make a woman’s period heavier and make it last longer.

Certain medications Anticoagulants or medications that fight inflammation can cause heavy periods.

Some health problems Women who have any of these conditions can have abundant periods:

• Endometriosis

• Thyroid problems

• Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

• Kidney disease

• Liver disease

Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your medical history and ask you to describe your symptoms. You will also have a physical exam and may need to order tests, such as an ultrasound, a Pap test, or blood tests. You can also take a sample of the tissue that lines your uterus. After she rules out other health problems, she may be able to diagnose you with intense periods.

Treatment

Your doctor may be able to treat your long periods with these methods:

Birth control options. Taking birth control pills can upset the balance of hormones in your body, which can put an end to intense periods. Obtaining an IUD that emits hormones is another option that can help relieve your periods.

Certain drugs Your doctor may prescribe medications to reduce the flow of your heavy periods.

You may only need to take the medication when you have your period.

Surgery. If your doctor finds that you have polyps or fibroids, you can reduce or remove them. This can stop the heavy bleeding.

Removal of the lining of the uterus. There are different ways that doctors can do this. The simplest procedure, called dilation and curettage, or D & C, only removes the outermost layer of the lining of the uterus. It often stops intense periods, but some women need to do this more than once.

Other procedures (called endometrial ablation and endometrial resection) permanently remove or destroy the lining of the uterus. Women have much lighter periods later. Keep in mind Keep in mind that doctors advise women not to get pregnant after an endometrial ablation or resection. You will still need to use a contraceptive method because these treatments are not a form of contraception.

Hysterectomy. In extreme cases, you may need this surgery, which will remove the uterus. She will no longer have her period, but she will not be able to get pregnant either.

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