Sciatica, also known as sciatica, neuritis sciatica, is a term that refers to an intense pain in the leg that goes in the hand with a possible tingling, weakness or numbness that begins in the inferior part of the back and it crosses the gluteus and the major sciatic nerve in the back of the leg. Sciatica is not a disease by itself, but rather a symptom of another health problem. Continue reading for your causes, symptoms, and treatment.
Causes of Sciatica
Sciatic Nerve Impingement
This occurs when there is pressure or damage to the sciatic nerve, which starts in the lumbar region and runs through the back of each leg.
The function of this nerve is to control the lower leg region and the muscles of the hamstring, i.e., the back of the knee. It also gives sensitivity to the back of the thigh, to the sole and the lower leg.
The most common causes of sciatica are lumbar disc herniation, diarthrosis, lumbar canal stenosis, piriformis syndrome (pain that compromises the piriformis muscle in the buttocks), isthmic spondylolisthesis and dysfunction of the sacroiliac joint.
According to the experience accumulated by HHP during all the years that have been treating this and other chronic ailments, we have been informed that men between the ages of 30 and 50 are the most prone to suffer from sciatica.
What are the symptoms of sciatica?
The pain can vary, and many people feel a slight tingling or a burning sensation, while others feel pain so intense that it precludes their movements. Generally, sciatica pain occurs on one side. Some people may have pain in one part of the leg and numbness in other areas.
This pain can also be felt on the sole of the foot or on the back of the calf, resulting in a weakening in the leg and causing the foot to become stagnant on the floor when walking. Sciatica can start slowly and worsen when you cough, laugh or sneeze, as well as after sitting or standing, or walking several blocks.
Treatment for sciatic pain
Because sciatica is a symptom of another problem, it is important to identify the cause and treat it. Nonsurgical pharmacological treatment tends to be one of the most employed. The doctor may also advise applying heat to the place where the pain occurs to reduce symptoms and inflammation.
A very effective treatment that is being generalized in recent years is Andulation therapy, which is very effective, too, for those people who suffer from sciatica. It is a non-aggressive treatment, through a stimulation of temperature by deep infrared heat and mechanical vibrations that provide a great improvement for these patients.
Physiotherapy exercises is another type of complementary aid to Andulation therapy, although it will depend on the specific cause of sciatica, as well as on various factors, such as the general physical state of the patient and the level of pain.